Almanac

Today is Tuesday, July 22, the 203rd day of 2014. There are 162 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 22, 1934, bank robber John Dillinger was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago’s Biograph Theater, where he had just seen the Clark Gable movie “Manhattan Melodrama.”

On this date:

In 1587, an English colony fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.

In 1796, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by General Moses Cleaveland (correct).

In 1893, Wellesley College professor Katharine Lee Bates visited the summit of Pikes Peak, where she was inspired to write the original version of her poem “America the Beautiful.”

In 1916, a bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, killing 10 people.

In 1933, American aviator Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world as he returned to New York’s Floyd Bennett Field after traveling for 7 days, 18 and 3/4 hours.

In 1943, American forces led by Gen. George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily, during World War II.

In 1944, the Bretton Woods Monetary Conference concluded in New Hampshire with an agreement to establish the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.

In 1946, Jewish extremists blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 90 people.

In 1963, Sonny Liston knocked out Floyd Patterson in the first round of their rematch in Las Vegas to retain the world heavyweight title.

In 1975, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.

In 1983, Samantha Smith and her parents returned home to Manchester, Maine, after completing a whirlwind tour of the Soviet Union.

In 2011, Anders Breivik (AHN’-durs BRAY’-vihk) massacred 69 people at a Norwegian island youth retreat after detonating a bomb in nearby Oslo that killed eight others in the nation’s worst violence since World War II.

Ten years ago: The September 11 commission issued a report saying America’s leaders failed to grasp the gravity of terrorist threats before the devastating attacks of 9/11, but stopped short of blaming President George W. Bush and former President Bill Clinton. The Army Inspector General’s office released a report on abuses by U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan which found 94 cases of confirmed or alleged abuse and 39 deaths. A new high-speed passenger train derailed in northwestern Turkey, killing 37 people.

Five years ago: President Barack Obama told a prime-time press conference that Cambridge, Massachusetts, police had acted “stupidly” in the arrest of prominent black scholar Henry Louis Gates Jr., and that despite racial progress, blacks and Hispanics were still singled out unfairly for arrest.